Customer case aboutAmmonium Perchlorate Oxide

Ammonium Perchlorate Oxide

Ammonium perchlorate NH4ClO4 PubChem

Ammonium perchlorate appears as a white, crystalline solid or powder. Classified as a division 1.1 explosive if powdered into particles smaller than 15 microns in diameter or if powdered into larger particles but thoroughly dried. Does not readily burn, but will burn if

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Ammonium perchlorate PyroData

Ammonium perchlorate is an oxidiser used in a large number of compositions. Very impressive colour compositions can be made with it, but their burn rate is often too low for use in star compositions. For lance work and torches slow burning is an advantage and it is therefore commonly used in these items.

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Ammonium perchlorate

Ammonium perchlorate From , the free encyclopedia Ammonium perchlorate ("AP") is an inorganic compound with the formula NH 4 ClO 4. It is a colorless or white solid that is soluble in water. It is a powerful oxidizer. Combined with a

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磊 磊 Buy Ammonium Perchlorate For military,

Ammonium Perchlorate or NH4CIO4 is a colourless or white compound soluble in water. It can be produced in solid or powder form. To obtain the highest purity of this salt, we manufacture the reaction between ammonia and perchloric acid. It can also be produced by a salt metathesis reaction of ammonium salts with sodium perchlorate.

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Thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate by black

Sep 03, 2021 高达12%返现 As an excellent oxidizer, ammonium perchlorate (AP, NH 4 ClO 4) often accounts for > 60% mass of solid propellants because its combustion produces large amounts of hot gases.

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(PDF) Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate

Ammonium perchlorate (AP) is widely used as an oxidiser in compsite solid propellants 1-2. The ballistics of a composite propellant can be improved by adding a

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Enhanced decomposition of laminated ammonium

Nov 19, 2021 Ammonium perchlorate (NH 4 ClO 4, AP) has been widely used in propellants and polymer-bonded explosive (PBX) due to its high oxygen content, high density, large amounts of gas generation, simple...

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Enhanced catalytic properties of cobaltosic oxide through

Graphite oxide-iron oxide nanocomposites as a new class of catalyst for the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate[J] RSC Adv.,6 ( 2016 ),pp. 45977 45985 CrossRef View Record in Scopus Google Scholar

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The Science Of Tannerite, The Explosive Possibly Used In

Sep 19, 2016 The oxidizer is a mixture of ammonium nitrate and ammonium perchlorate, the key part being the “ate” on the ends of those words. That means they contain oxygen, in this case bound to nitrogen and...

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Rocket propellants PyroData

Resin (Epon 815 epoxy & curing agent U) 1 . Copper chromite

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Ammonium perchlorate PyroData

Ammonium perchlorate is usually bought from chemical suppliers or from dedicated pyro suppliers. Fine ammonium perchlorate powder is a regulated substance in most countries and cannot easily be bought or transported. Since it is such a useful chemical in pyrotechnics it can be worth the time and effort to try to prepare it at home.

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US3745078A Dispersion of fine ammonium perchlorate

1. a method for dispersing fine anmonium perchlorate, aluminum or ferric oxide particles of less than 50u weight median diameter comprising the steps of mixing a slurry of said fine ammonium perchlorate, aluminum or ferric oxide particles, an organic liquid and a surfactant, said surfactant being of about 0.1 to about 0.5 percent by weight on a total solids basis, which

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A Study on the Mechanism of the Thermal Decomposition of

Chromium (III) oxide was not oxidized by ammonium perchlorate, but oxidation to the hexavalent state took place when potassium chloride was present. AB The thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate in the presence of potassium chloride and chromium (III) oxide was investigated using K36 Cl and51 Cr2 O3 to elucidate the reaction mechanism.

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The Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate

Ammonium perchlorate (AP) is the most widely used oxidizer in solid compo-site propellants mainly because of the high oxygen content, large specific volume of product gases and extensive handling and storage experience [11]. The cor-responding DTA thermograms are shown onFigure 2. Much work has been

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Graphene-iron oxide nanocomposite (GINC): an efficient

Graphene-iron oxide nanocomposite (GINC): an efficient catalyst for ammonium perchlorate (AP) decomposition and burn rate enhancer for AP based composite propellant† Abhijit Dey ,* a Javaid Athar,a Pankaj Varma,a Hima Prasant,a Arun K. Sikder * a and Santanu Chattopadhyay * b

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Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant

Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant (APCP) is a modern fuel used in solid-propellant rocket vehicles. It differs from many traditional solid rocket propellants such as black powder or zinc-sulfur, not only in chemical composition and overall performance but also by the nature of how it is processed.APCP is cast into shape, as opposed to powder pressing as with black

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5. PRODUCTION, IMPORT/EXPORT, USE, AND DISPOSAL

products chlorine, water, oxygen, and nitrous oxide (or nitrogen oxide at high temperatures) and leaves no solid residue (e.g., sodium chloride residue is produced by the decomposition of sodium perchlorate). Ammonium perchlorate is the largest volume perchlorate used in the United States (Mendiratta et al. 1996).

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A Guide to Solid Rocket Propellant Manufacturing

8. Repeat until the following until all 200 micron Ammonium Perchlorate has been integrated: a. Add a third of the original mass of Ammonium Perchlorate b. Mix for 1 minute c. Scrape down d. Mix for 10 minutes 9. Add the 90 micron Ammonium Perchlorate into the vessel. 10. Mix for

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Insight into the catalytic thermal decomposition mechanism

Apr 05, 2019 Copper oxide (CuO) is an attractive burn rate modifier for composite solid propellant based on ammonium perchlorate (AP). However, the mechanism of catalytic decomposition of AP in the presence of CuO is still uncertain. Amount of gaseous products at various decomposition temperatures of AP in the presence and absence of CuO is lacking.

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The Science Of Tannerite, The Explosive Possibly Used In

Sep 19, 2016 The oxidizer is a mixture of ammonium nitrate and ammonium perchlorate, the key part being the “ate” on the ends of those words. That means they contain oxygen, in this case bound to nitrogen

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Processes Free Full-Text Performance and Sensitivity

Solid heterogeneous rocket propellants (SHRP) containing ammonium perchlorate (AP) emit a lot of hydrogen chloride (HCl) during combustion, which poses various environmental issues and makes the detection of the rockets easier. Part of the AP can be replaced by ammonium nitrate (V) (AN), which does not lead to the production of HCl. AN is a commonly used

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Ionic Charges Chart (Cations and Anions) Cations

ammonium NH 4 + cesium Cs+ -perchlorate ClO 4-chlorite ClO 2 permanganate MnO 4- SCN-2- carbonate CO 3 2-chromate CrO 4 2-dichromate Cr 2 O 7

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Nanocrystalline Transition Metal Oxides as Catalysts in

Aug 07, 2009 Shourya Jain, Suman Chakraborty, Li Qiao, Burn rate enhancement of ammonium perchlorate–nitrocellulose composite solid propellant using copper oxide–graphene foam micro-structures, Combustion and Flame, 10.1016/jbustflame.2019.05.004, 206,

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The thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate І

The thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate in vacuo and under small initial pressures of nitrogen, to suppress sublimation, has been investigated in the temperature ranges 220 to 280°C and 380 to 450°C. The experimental techniques for following the decomposition and subsequent analysis of the products are described and gas analysis results given.

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Is ammonium perchlorate explosive and legal?|Chemical Study

Ammonium perchlorate, or powerful oxidizing ammonium perchlorate, is the salt of perchloric acid and is a chemical compound whose formula is NH4CLO4. It is obtained from the reaction between ammonia and one of the axoacids, perchloric acid or by double decomposition between an ammonium salt and sodium perchlorate

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Enhanced decomposition of laminated ammonium perchlorate

Nov 19, 2021 Ammonium perchlorate (NH 4 ClO 4, AP) has been widely used in propellants and polymer-bonded explosive (PBX) due to its high oxygen content, high density, large amounts of gas generation, simple

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Ammonium Perchlorate Encapsulated with TiO2 Nanocomposite

Feb 11, 2019 Ammonium perchlorate (APC) is the most common oxidizer for highly energetic systems. The initial decomposition of APC is an endothermic process. This behavior withstands high activation energy and could render high burning rate. We report on the sustainable fabrication of TiO2 nanoparticles; a novel catalyzing agent for APC. Mono-dispersed TiO2 particles of 10 nm particle size

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CN103449942B A kind of ammonium perchlorate

The invention discloses a kind of ammonium perchlorate decomposition course that changes and eliminate the method that cold light firework sets off peculiar smell.It is with transition metal (as: Ni, Cu), transition metal oxide (as: Fe 2 o 3,Co 2 o 3,NiO, CuO), compound transition metal oxide (as: MnFe 2 o 4,CoCr 2 o 4 ) in one be functional additive, by 2 ~ 5%(mass percent) mix with

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(PDF) Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate in

Iron oxide is a representative catalyst of usual solid rocket propellant containing ammonium perchlorate. The mechanism of this catalytic effect was estimated as that the formation of an unstable

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The thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate І

The thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate in vacuo and under small initial pressures of nitrogen, to suppress sublimation, has been investigated in the temperature ranges 220 to 280°C and 380 to 450°C. The experimental techniques for following the decomposition and subsequent analysis of the products are described and gas analysis results given.

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Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant

Ammonium perchlorate composite propellant (APCP) is a modern fuel used in solid-propellant rocket vehicles. It differs from many traditional solid rocket propellants such as black powder or zinc-sulfur, not only in chemical composition and overall performance but also by the nature of how it is processed.APCP is cast into shape, as opposed to powder pressing as with black powder.

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Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate in Presence

THE decomposition of ammonium perchlorate has been examined by Bircumshaw and Newman1, and Galwey and Jacobs2, respectively. They have observed

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Insight into the catalytic thermal decomposition mechanism

Apr 05, 2019 Copper oxide (CuO) is an attractive burn rate modifier for composite solid propellant based on ammonium perchlorate (AP). However, the mechanism of catalytic decomposition of AP in the presence of CuO is still uncertain. Amount of gaseous products at various decomposition temperatures of AP in the presence and absence of CuO is lacking.

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Richard Nakka's Experimental Rocketry Site

Ammonium Perchlorate 12.0% [1] Potassium Perchlorate 60.0% [2] Polysulfide 25.3% p-Quinone dioximine (curing agent) 1.7% Diphenyl guanidine (curing accelerator) 0.8% Ferric Oxide 0.2% Super Loki (original) Ammonium Perchlorate, as received 46.2% [3] Ammonium Perchlorate, after grinding 30.8% [3] Polysulfide 16.4%

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Protect Your Laboratory Chemicals from Use in a Terrorist

Ammonium perchlorate Chloroacetyl chloride DF (Methyl phosphonyl difluoride) HN1, HN2, and HN3 (Nitrogen mustard-1, 2, 3) Hydrogen fluoride (anhydrous) Hydrogen peroxide (concentration of at least 35%) Hydrogen sulfide Lewisite 1 [2-Chlorovinyldichloroarsine] Methylphosphonothioic dichloride

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Graphite oxide–iron oxide nanocomposites as a new class of

May 04, 2016 Graphite oxide–iron oxide nanocomposites as a new class of catalyst for the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate S. Paulose, R. Raghavan and B. K. George, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 45977 DOI: 10.1039/C6RA06860J

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US3905846A Composite modified double base propellant

Composite-modified double base propellants containing an oxide of a metal selected from the group consisting of cadmium, magnesium, aluminum, tin, lead, titanium, and zirconium. These metal oxides are compatible with ammonium perchlorate, act as a thermal stabilizer, and act as a gas inhibitor if a polyfunctional isocyanate is used as a cross linking agent.

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Processes Free Full-Text Performance and Sensitivity

Solid heterogeneous rocket propellants (SHRP) containing ammonium perchlorate (AP) emit a lot of hydrogen chloride (HCl) during combustion, which poses various environmental issues and makes the detection of the rockets easier. Part of the AP can be replaced by ammonium nitrate (V) (AN), which does not lead to the production of HCl. AN is a commonly used environmentally friendly oxidizer, but

get price

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